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Overview of Diabetic Retinopathy

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Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that results from damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina). At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, however, diabetic retinopathy can result in blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy can develop in anyone who has type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes. The longer you have diabetes, and the less controlled your blood sugar is, the more likely you are to develop diabetic retinopathy.

To protect your vision, take prevention seriously. Start by carefully controlling your blood sugar level and scheduling yearly eye exams.

NormalIt's possible to have diabetic retinopathy and not know it. In fact, it's uncommon to have symptoms in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy. As the condition progresses, diabetic retinopathy symptoms may include:

•    Spots or dark strings floating in your vision (floaters)
•    Blurred vision
•    Fluctuating vision
•    Dark or empty areas in your vision
•    Poor night vision
•    Impaired color vision
•    Vision loss

Diabetic RetinopathyCareful management of your diabetes is the best way to prevent vision loss. If you have diabetes, see your eye doctor for a yearly dilated eye exam — even if your vision seems fine — because it's important to detect diabetic retinopathy in the early stages.

 


For more information about Diabetic Retinopathy visit:
The Mayo Clinic’s website at  www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabetic-retinopathy
The National Eye Institute website at www.nei.nih.gov/health/diabetic/retinopathy.asp

 

Last Updated on 22 July 2013